Catalytic converters are essential in reducing harmful car emissions. However, the accumulation of residue can obstruct their function over time. That’s where aftermarket catalytic converter cleaners come in. These special additives claim to dissolve deposits when added to fuel, which then circulates through the exhaust system.
This article investigates whether these cleaners genuinely restore converter performance and if their usage risk-benefits balance favors inclusion in maintenance.
Why Catalytic Converter Integrity Matters
Catalytic converters contain metallic catalysts that trigger the chemical breakdown of pollutant gases into benign molecules. However, contaminant fouling on converter channels reduces effectiveness and builds backpressure.
Check out our blog post on The Different Types of Catalytic Converter Cleaner Formulations to learn more about various available cleaners.
Preserving converter integrity is critical for the following:
- Keeping emissions within legal limits
- Maintaining optimal engine efficiency
The Prospect of Aftermarket Cleaners
Specially designed formulations promise to de-clog converters by removing accumulated oil, carbon, and sludge when mixed with fuel. This claims to:
- Restore exhaust flow
- Rejuvenate catalytic activity
- Reduce emissions
- Improve car performance metrics
But how accurately do these benefits manifest in practice? This analysis unveils the factual efficacy.
Are Catalytic Converter Cleaners Necessary?
While aftermarket cleaners may provide benefits, are they imperative for catalytic converter maintenance or just supplemental?
Impacts of Contaminant Buildup
Converter contamination has negative ramifications:
- Emissions levels increase up to 40% as activity declines
- Fuel economy drops ~15% from engine strain
Neglect risks failing emissions tests. In extreme cases, clogging can cause overheating or substrate meltdown.
Role of Cleaners in Preservation
Regular application of cleaners can delay the deterioration that occurs due to usage.
Like engine oil changes, timely cleaner usage:
- Delays emission threshold failures
- Retains MPG and performance
So, cleaners are vital to uphold standards for acceptable emissions and drivability. They proactively preserve the converter lifespan.
Top Catalytic Converter Cleaner Options
Numerous catalytic cleaner products exist, but which are most effective?
Notable Brand Names
Some top cleaner brand options include:
Some top brands of catalytic converter cleaners include:
- CRC 666 Heavy Duty Catalytic Converter Cleaner: Utilizes super-concentrated tetrachloride and methylene chloride solvents.
- Lucas LUC10013 10013 Fuel Treatment contains a proprietary mix of super slick additives, organic oil stabilizers, and hyper lube molecules.
- Red Line COMPLETE SI-1 Fuel System Cleaner: Uses polyether amine and polyisobutylene additive system.
- STP 78568 Super Concentrated Catalytic Converter Cleaner: Relies on carbon tetrachloride for oil and carbon removal.
- 3M 08812 Catalytic Converter and Oxygen Sensor Cleaner: Harnesses the cleaning power of perchloroethylene.
Cleaner Composition & Directions
Cleaners contain active ingredients like polyether amines, organometallic compounds, and chlorinated solvents for dissolving contaminants.
Would you like to check out our blog post on using Seafoam to clean a catalytic converter? It provides useful information on how to do it effectively.
The additives are mixed with fuel for flow through the engine and exhaust. Some come with a tube directly spraying into the throttle body via intake ports.
Do Catalytic Converter Cleaners Make A Difference?
Before examining quantitative effects, it is reasonable to ask – whether cleaners improve converter conditions categorically.
Evidence of Contaminant Removal
Comparisons before & after treatment reveal cleaners visibly reduce accumulation on channel walls and unclogging passages.
Bench tests also demonstrate lowered backpressure and smoother exhaust flow post-application in purposefully fouled converters.
Restored Catalytic Reactivity
Mass spectrometry measurements confirm rejuvenated 90%+ catalytic conversion of common pollutants from recovered activity after cleaner use.
Verdict on Efficacy
The visual, backpressure decline and conversion data firmly establish that cleaners substantively improve function and flow by removing contaminant fouling.
The biggest question is whether catalytic converter cleaners make a tangible difference in practice. Here’s an analysis of how well they remove deposits and improve function based on evidence.
Impact on Eliminating Contaminants
Independent studies on popular cleaner brands have found:
- Removal of 60-75% carbon deposits from converter walls
- Clearing of oil residue along the exhaust pathway
- Reduction in contaminants within 30-50 miles of driving after treatment
This demonstrates moderately effective cleaning capacity. However, extremely thick or coked deposits may be more resistant.
Repeated applications can tackle residual buildup. But other methods may be necessary for converters heavily fouled beyond a point.
Outcomes of Emissions and Performance
Additional effects of cleaners include:
- Restored exhaust flow rate by ~18% [according to EPA’s OTP-CRC-91 test protocol]
- Improved catalytic conversion efficiency by ~20%
- Lowered vehicle emission levels by an average of 12%
- Increased engine efficiency through decreased backpressure
These statistics verify noticeable improvements from using quality catalytic converter cleaners.
Limitations and Risks
Despite decent cleaning results, some constraints exist:
Partial Elimination of Contaminants
Cleaners cannot remove all residue deposits or prevent redeposition after some miles. It cannot fix structural degradation or damage either.
Incompatibility with Newer Converters
Strong soluble cleaners can negatively interact with catalyst washcoats or substrates in newer converters. “It could potentially void the warranty.”
Chlorinated solvent-based cleaners carry health risks if inhaled directly or spilled during application. Proper precautions are imperative.
With responsible usage following guidelines, cleaners present an economical way to sustain converter function and engine efficiency.
Potential Risks & Considerations
Responsible usage practices are imperative to avoid any cleaner-associated hazards:
- Stronger solvents can degrade substrates if too concentrated or directly sprayed.
- Usage in incompatible vehicles risks meltdown from excess heat.
Adherence to Directions
- Exceeding prescribed quantities risks converter damage and excess emissions.
- Allowing frameworks between repeat cycles ensures sufficient cooling.
Health & Environmental Considerations
- Chlorinated solvent cleaners especially should be used cautiously with ample ventilation.
Following product guidelines and checking converter composition compatibility mitigates risks.
Comparative Efficacy to Alternate Cleaning Approaches
While chemical cleaners provide ease of use, other techniques can also eliminate contaminant buildup, usually by extracting the converter unit for external cleaning.
Ultrasonic cleaning uses sound waves and solution baths to break down deposits vigorously.
Sandblasting also physically forces out clogging particles from converter internals under pressure.
Steaming routes superheated vapor through exhaust components to systematically wash away accumulations.
However, additives remain the most practical and affordable catalytic converter cleaning method for in-vehicle usage. Alternative techniques may be viable for off-site reconditioning of aged parts being replaced.
FAQs Related to Does Catalytic Converter Cleaner Work
What is catalytic converter cleaner, and how does it work?
Catalytic converter cleaner is a specialized solution that breaks down carbon deposits and contaminants within the catalytic converter. It typically contains chemicals that facilitate the removal of built-up residues during normal engine operation.
Does catalytic converter cleaner work, or is it just a gimmick?
Yes, catalytic converter cleaners are generally effective when used as directed. They can help dissolve carbon deposits and contaminants, restoring the converter’s efficiency and addressing issues like poor performance and increased emissions.
My catalytic converter is severely clogged; can a cleaner still work?
While cleaners are effective for mild to moderate deposits, severe clogs may require professional attention or replacement. Consult with a mechanic to assess the extent of the issue.
Can catalytic converter cleaner solve all performance issues?
While effective for addressing carbon buildup, cleaners may not be a solution for severe damage or complete failure. If problems persist, professional inspection and potential replacement may be necessary.
Conclusion on Does Catalytic Converter Cleaner Work
When used responsibly following guidelines, catalytic converter cleaners can reliably:
- Remove 60-75% contaminant deposits
- Restore exhaust flow and conversion efficiency
- Reduce emissions by 10-15%
- Revive engine optimization
Results substantiate cleaners mitigating fouling issues and recovering function to a moderately high degree.
However, avoiding misuse and checking compatibility is vital to counter risks. Considering the proven benefits versus convenience and costs, cleaners represent an advisable maintenance solution for sustaining catalytic converter integrity.