Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters: The Subaru Brat, a unique compact pickup truck produced from 1978 to 1994, featured a distinct design with rear-facing seats in the cargo bed. The Subaru Brat, short for “Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter,” is a unique and iconic vehicle that gained popularity for its innovative design and versatility. Like any modern vehicle, the Subaru Brat is equipped with a catalytic converter—a crucial component that plays a key role in reducing harmful emissions. This article will explore the specifics of Subaru Brat catalytic converters, exploring their features, functions, and maintenance.
Read our comprehensive guide on Subaru Impreza Catalytic Converters.
Direct-fit replacement Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters are available from aftermarket brands like Autozone catalytic converter, Bosal, Eastern Catalytic, and Walker. Proper inlet/outlet dimensions and flange style must match the original converters. Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters sold in California must be CARB-compliant.
Specific Details on the Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters
Common Signs For Bad or Clogged Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters
- Check engine light: Warning light for the engine. Checking the engine warning light is a valuable way to tell whether or not there is a problem with the emissions system in your vehicle. A professional mechanic must check out your car immediately if the “check engine” light turns on in your dashboard.
- Reduced fuel economy: Your car’s fuel consumption efficiency may suffer if Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters malfunctions since it cannot convert dangerous exhaust gases into less harmful gases at the same efficiency level.
- Engine Misfires: If Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters aren’t working correctly, it could cause engine misfires. This is because the catalytic converter cannot reduce the quantity of carbon monoxide in the exhaust fumes.
- Increased Emissions: A catalytic converter in your car that isn’t working properly may cause increased emissions. This is due to the inability of the catalytic converter to transform hazardous exhaust gases into gases that are less detrimental to the environment.
- Excessive Exhaust Noise: Noise from the exhaust system that is excessive. A catalytic converter that is not working fine can create excessive noise from the exhaust system. This is due to the catalytic converter’s inability to significantly reduce the quantity of noise produced by the exhaust gases.
- Dark Exhaust Smoke: An exhaust with a dark colour is a symptom of a clogged catalytic converter, which can also generate this exhaust colour. This is due to the inability of the catalytic converter to transform hazardous exhaust gases into gases that are less detrimental to the environment.
Troubleshooting Tips for Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters:
- Check for P0420/P0430 codes pointing to converter failure using an OBD2 scanner.
- Listen for rattling noises from the exhaust, indicating internal damage.
- Inspect oxygen sensor performance upstream and downstream of converters.
- Look for reduced performance, increased fuel usage, and rotten egg smells.
- Use Catalytic Cleaner for catalytic converting cleaning
- Always replace the exhaust inlet/outlet gaskets when installing the new Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters. High-temperature silicone sealant can also be used to seal connections.
- The inlet/outlet pipe diameter is 2.5″. Ensure the replacement converters have the proper 2.5″ inlet and outlet ports.
- When secured to the manifolds, use a torque wrench to tighten the converter mounting nuts/bolts to the proper spec of 22-27 ft-lbs.
- Carefully detach and reattach the oxygen sensors from the original converters to the new ones in their exact locations.
- Clear any check engine codes with a scan tool after installing the new Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters. This will reset fuel trim parameters and monitor operation.
Please read our Subaru Crosstrek Catalytic Converters Unlimited Guide
Tips for Cleaning Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters:
- Use a catalytic converter cleaner. Products like Catalytic Converter Cleaners can help break down and remove contaminants and deposits inside the catalytic converter. Follow the directions on the product.
- Flush the catalytic converter. You can do this by adding the catalytic converter cleaner to your gas tank when filling up and then driving the car for 30-60 minutes on the highway. The high speeds and engine heat will help circulate the cleaner through the catalytic converter to remove deposits.
- Use a shop vac to vacuum out loose debris. Disconnect the oxygen sensor and carefully insert the vacuum hose into the catalytic converter inlet. Be careful not to damage the honeycomb structure inside.
- You may need to remove the catalytic converter and soak it in a solvent-based or acid-based cleaner for heavy carbon deposits. Make sure to thoroughly rinse and dry it before reinstalling.
- Avoid using engine degreasers or harsh chemicals that could damage the catalyst material inside the converter. Stick to products made explicitly for catalytic converter cleaning.
- Be gentle in your cleaning methods to avoid damaging the converter. Over-cleaning or using too much pressure can harm the internal structure.
- Consider having a professional mechanic do the cleaning if you’re uncomfortable with the process. They’ll have the proper tools and skills.
Some Tips For Properly Washing Brat Catalytic Converters
- Use a degreaser or catalytic converter cleaner. Spray it directly onto the exterior casing of the Catalytic Converters and let it soak for 5-10 minutes. This will help break down oil, grease, and carbon deposits. Avoid getting cleaner inside the converter.
- Rinse the converter thoroughly with a garden hose or pressure washer. The high-pressure water will help blast away loosened contaminants.
- Use a soft brush or rag to scrub the converter’s outside for stubborn deposits. Avoid abrasive pads or brushes that could damage the metal casing.
- Ensure you thoroughly flush out any catalytic converter cleaner you use with plenty of water. Leftover chemical residue can damage the catalyst over time.
- Dry the Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters thoroughly after washing, using compressed air if available. Moisture left inside can also degrade the catalyst. Let the converter idle for 10-15 minutes to help evaporate any moisture.
- Avoid using harsh chemicals like engine degreasers directly on the converter, as they can wash away the catalyst material and degrade performance over time.
- Do not attempt to wash inside the converter or scrape at the honeycomb – this will destroy it. Only clean the outer casing.
- Consider having a professional detail shop wash the catalytic converter if you don’t have the proper tools. They can properly clean it without damage.
The key is to be gentle and use only Catalytic Converter-approved cleaners. Thorough rinsing is important. Avoid excess moisture inside the converter.
Life Of Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters
- Under normal driving conditions, the OEM Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters can average 120,000-150,000 miles.
- The converters have an 8-year/80,000-mile federal emissions warranty. California emissions models have a 15-year/150,000-mile warranty.
- Driving style has a significant impact. Many short trips and cold starts can foul the converters faster than more extended highway driving.
- Poor engine maintenance, like oil leaks, bad spark plugs, or issues causing misfires, will degrade the converters quickly.
- Contaminants like oil, coolant, or fuel getting into the exhaust can coat and damage the converter’s internals.
- The upstream converter near the engine tends to fail sooner due to more heat cycling. The downstream one often lasts longer.
- The efficiency declines if the Check Engine light comes on for a catalytic converter code. Replacement is recommended.
- Periodic visual inspections of the converters can help spot potential issues early. Signs include blocked flow, rattling, and visible damage.
- Aftermarket replacement converters typically have a shorter lifespan of 50,000-80,000 miles. OEM parts tend to last longer.
How To Replace Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters
It uses multiple catalytic converters, one on each exhaust manifold bank. The new converters must be bolted into the original mounting positions for proper exhaust flow.
When installing the Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters, use new gaskets to seal the inlet and outlet flanges. Apply high-temperature silicone sealant as well to prevent leaks.
Carefully detach and reattach the oxygen sensors from the old converters to the new ones. Position the upstream and downstream sensors properly.
Inspect Other Components:
Inspect the exhaust manifolds, mounts, and pipes when replacing the Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters. Look for any leaks or damage that needs addressing.
After installing the new Subaru Brat Catalytic Converters, clear any codes and road-test the vehicle. Verify the catalyst efficiency monitors are set to ready and that no check engine lights return.
Subaru Brat catalytic converters are integral components that contribute to the vehicle’s environmentally friendly operation. Understanding their features, functions, and proper maintenance is essential for ensuring optimal performance and compliance with emissions standards. Subaru Brat owners can contribute to a cleaner and more sustainable driving experience by taking proactive measures to care for the catalytic converter.